Trends in the Diagnosed Prevalence and Incidence of Major Eye Diseases in Medicare Part B Fee-for-Service Beneficiaries 68 Years of Age or Older

68歲或以上的Medicare Part B費用支付服務受益人中主要眼病診斷盛行率和發生率的趨勢

Journal Ophthalmology
Status 審查完成
校稿者 蕭靜熹 醫師

Ophthalmology Volume 130, Number 12, December 2023


這項研究旨在研究年齡相關眼病在診斷的流行率和發生率的當代趨勢。研究採用了每年的橫斷面診斷流行率和發生率進行計算,並按人口統計特徵(年齡、性別、種族和族裔)進行分層計算。研究發現,到2020年,所有疾病的診斷流行率和發生率均有所上升。總結來說,這項研究提供了Medicare FFS受益人年齡相關主要慢性眼疾診斷的流行率和發生率的最新數據。與較舊的流行病學估計相比,我們發現每個研究的疾病的診斷流行率在近年來有所提高。

English Abstract

This study aimed to examine trends in the diagnosed prevalence and incidence of age-related eye diseases, specifically age-related macular degeneration (AMD), diabetic retinopathy (DR), and glaucoma, among Medicare Fee-for-Service beneficiaries. The researchers analyzed annual cross-sectional data from 2005 to 2019 and also looked at the prevalence and incidence in 2020, which may have been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. The study found that the diagnosed prevalence of these eye diseases increased over the study period, with AMD showing a higher prevalence in more recent years. There were also differences in prevalence and incidence rates based on demographic factors such as age, sex, race, and ethnicity. The study notes that the findings may underestimate the true population differences, as the data is based on administrative claims from patients seeking eye care. Overall, the study provides updated data on the prevalence and incidence of major chronic age-related eye diseases among Medicare beneficiaries.