Global, Regional, and National Burdens of Blindness and Vision Loss in Children and Adolescents from 1990 to 2019
Ophthalmology Volume 130, Number 6, June 2023
這項基於人口的研究分析了來自2019年全球疾病負擔、傷害和風險因素研究（Global Burden of Diseases, GBD）的數據，評估了1990年至2019年間兒童和青少年視力喪失和失明的趨勢。研究結果顯示，在這一期間，全球各年齡組每10萬人口的失明和視力喪失率均有所下降。然而，near-vision loss的盛行率和年齡與傷殘（years lived with disability, YLD）率增加。該研究還確定了不同地區和年齡組中視力喪失的負擔變異。研究結果強調了需要針對性地制定策略，以預防和解決兒童和青少年視力喪失的具體原因。
This population-based study analyzed data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2019 to assess the trends in vision loss and blindness among children and adolescents from 1990 to 2019. The findings showed that the rates of blindness and vision loss per 100,000 population decreased globally in all age groups during this period, which was due to decreases in refractive disorder . However, the prevalence and years lived with disability (YLDs) rates of near-vision loss increased. The study also identified variations in the burden of vision loss among different regions and age groups. Children and adolescents in low- and low-middle SDI
countries exhibited substantial decreases in the prevalence rates and YLDs of blindness and vision loss, but their counterparts in high- and middle-high SDI countries experienced a substantial increase in prevalence. The findings emphasize the need for targeted strategies to prevent and address specific causes of vision loss in children and adolescents.