Editorial: Does Diet Play a Role in Glaucoma?

Editorial: Does Diet Play a Role in Glaucoma?

Tags CGMHOPHGlaucoma
Journal Ophthalmology
Status 審查完成
校稿者 蕭靜熹 醫師

Ophthalmology Volume 130, Number 6, June 2023


這篇社论討論了飲食與青光眼之間的關聯,重點關注婦女健康倡議飲食調整(Women’s Health Initiative Dietary Modification )試驗的次級分析。該研究發現低脂飲食,增加水果、蔬菜和穀物攝入量對原發性開角型青光眼(POAG)的發病率沒有益處。然而,該研究觀察到總脂肪卡路里攝入量最低的女性患POAG的風險增加。雖然先前的研究已經顯示特定營養物質和飲食模式可能與青光眼的風險降低有關,但仍需要進一步的研究來了解營養在眼科疾病中的作用。作者建議,在評估青光眼和age related macular degeneration等病症的飲食方面進行前瞻性研究,可以為營養對眼睛健康的影響提供有價值的見解。

English Abstract

This editorial discusses the association between diet and glaucoma, focusing on the secondary analyses of the Women’s Health Initiative Dietary Modification (WHI DM) trial. The study found that there was no benefit from a low-fat diet with increased intake of fruits, vegetables, and grains on the incidence of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). However, it observed that women with the lowest calorie intake from total fat had an increased risk of incident POAG. While previous research has shown that specific nutrients and dietary patterns may be associated with a lower risk of glaucoma, further studies are needed to understand the role of nutrition in ocular diseases. The author suggests that prospective studies evaluating diets in conditions such as glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration could provide valuable insights into the effects of nutrition on eye health.