Causes of Childhood Blindness in the United States Using the IRIS Registry (Intelligent Research in Sight)


Tags CGMHOPHPediatric
Journal Ophthalmology
Status 審查完成
校稿者 蕭靜熹 醫師

Ophthalmology Volume 130, Number 9, September 2023

利用IRIS登記(Intelligent Research in Sight),探討美國兒童失明的原因





English Abstract

The study provides a comprehensive analysis of childhood blindness in the United States, focusing on its causes, demographic distribution, and treatability. Utilizing data from the IRIS Registry, which includes more than 75.4 million unique patients, the study identifies the leading causes of childhood blindness as retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), nystagmus, cataract, and optic nerve atrophy. The study reveals that more than half of the cases of childhood blindness are treatable conditions like ROP, cataract, glaucoma, and retinal detachment.

The study also highlights significant demographic disparities. Blind children are more likely to be younger, particularly aged 0 to 2, and male. The proportion of Hispanic and Black children among the blind is notably higher than in the general pediatric population.

The study emphasizes the need for early intervention and better screening practices, especially for conditions like ROP and pediatric cataracts. It also calls for further research to understand regional and racial/ethnic variations in childhood blindness. The study concludes that despite advancements in treatment methods, childhood blindness remains a significant public health issue that requires focused attention for prevention and treatment.